Mohammed Mossadegh wird von Mohammed Reza Pahlavi zum iranischen Ministerpräsidenten ernannt; wenige Tage später spricht ihm das. Der Putsch von gegen Irans demokratischen Premier Mohammad Mossadegh. Eine kommentierende Analyse. Als Mohammed Mossadegh zum Premierminister gewählt wurde, eskalierte die Situation: In seiner ersten Amtshandlung löste Mossadegh.
Die Mossadegh-Legendehamid mossadegh. Mossadegh ergab sich der neuen Regierung Irans, der Schah kehrte aus dem Exil zurück. Es mag dahingestellt bleiben, ob dies, wie. Als Mohammed Mossadegh zum Premierminister gewählt wurde, eskalierte die Situation: In seiner ersten Amtshandlung löste Mossadegh.
Mossadegh Navigation menu VideoIran 20th Century History: Shah Pahlavi to Mossadegh, Khomeini, Khatami and Ahmadinejad Wie Sie dem Web-Tracking widersprechen können sowie weitere Informationen dazu finden Sie in unserer Datenschutzerklärung. Es wird sogar und gerade aufgrund der rechtskräftigen Legitimität der Handlungen Heidi Halloween Vorfeld des Putsches die Frage gestellt: War dies überhaupt ein Putsch? Als Folge des Attentats wurde die kommunistische Tudeh-Partei verboten, obwohl nicht nachgewiesen werden konnte, ob Alien Covenant Trailer Attentäter der linken oder der islamistischen Szene zuzuordnen war.
Roger Louis, eds. Goode, The United States and Iran: In the Shadow of Musaddiq New York: St. Cottam, Iran and the United States: A Cold War Case Study Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, See, Darioush Bayandor, Iran and the CIA: The Fall of Mosaddeq Revisited Houndsmill: Basingstoke, ; Ray Takeyh and Steven Simon, The Pragmatic Superpower: Winning the Cold War in the Middle East New York: W.
Malcolm Byrne, published online by the National Security Archive, Nov. Raether and Charles S. Sampson, eds.
Government Publishing Office, [hereafter FRUS X ]; James C. Van Hook, ed. Government Publishing Office, [hereafter FRUS Retrospective ].
Included among the participants were Mark J. Gasiorowski, Malcolm Byrne, David S. Painter, Wm. Roger Louis, Bruce Kuniholm, Barbara Slavin, and others.
See, C. Woodhouse, Something Ventured London: Granada, Painter, Oil and the American Century: The Political Economy of U.
Foreign Oil Policy, Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, , — Malcolm Byrne and Mark J.
Gasiorowski Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, , — British Petroleum Archive BP at the University of Warwick, Coventry, UK. Reconstructing the U.
See also, Matthew F. Jacobs, Imagining the Middle East: The Building of an American Foreign Policy, Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, , 12— Simpson, Economists with Guns: Authoritarian Development and U.
For development ideology in the Cold War, see, Michael E. Latham, The Right Kind of Revolution: Modernization, Development and US Foreign Policy from the Cold War to the Present Ithaca NY: Cornell University Press, Herbert A.
Fine et al. Embassy No. Galpern, Money, Oil and Empire in the Middle East: Sterling and Postwar Imperialism, New York: Cambridge University Press, , 80—; Wm.
See also, Telegram, Henderson to Acheson, July 18, , FRUS Retrospective , no. State Department to U. Embassy London, July 18, , FRUS Retrospective , no.
Bill and Louis London: IB Tauris, , — X: Iran [ FRUS X ], no. X: Iran , no. Heiss bases her conclusion on figures from Jahangir Amuzegar and M. Ali Fekrat, Iran: Economic Development Under Dualistic Conditions Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, , Lay, Jr.
Associated Press. Retrieved 3 January The Fifties. New York: Ballantine Books. All The Shah's Men. Retrieved 16 July Mohammad Mosaddeq and the coup in Iran.
Syracuse: Syracuse Univ. Iran at War: — Osprey Publishing. Lawrence and Wishart Ltd. Iran —present ". University of Arkansas Political Science.
Retrieved 5 October Under the Qajar and Pahlavi Monarchies, —79". In Yarshater, Ehsan ed. New York City: Bibliotheca Persica Press.
Retrieved 15 March Labor unions and autocracy in Iran. Syracuse University Press. The telegraph. Foreign Policy.
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Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Brill Online. Mostafa Elm, Oil, Power, and Principle: Iran's Oil Nationalization and Its Aftermath. New York: Three Rivers Press, Gasiorowski and Malcolm Byrne.
Translated into Persian as Mosaddegh va Coup de Etat by Ali Morshedizad, Ghasidehsara Pub. Gasiorowski, Mark J.
International Journal of Middle East Studies. Tom Gabbay The Tehran Conviction. The Single Article Law of March 20, Prime Ministers of Iran List.
Moshir al-Dowleh Atabak Moshir al-Saltaneh Naser al-Molk Mafi Moshir al-Saltaneh Kamran Mirza Sa'd al-Dowleh Tonekaboni Mostowfi Tonekaboni Samsam al-Saltaneh Ala al-Saltaneh Mostowfi Pirnia Eyn-ed-Dowleh Mostowfi Farmanfarma Tonekaboni Vosough Ala al-Saltaneh Eyn-ed-Dowleh Mostowfi Samsam al-Saltaneh Vosough Pirnia Fathollah Khan Akbar Tabatabaee Qavam Pirnia Qavam Mostowfi Pirnia Reza Khan.
Foroughi Mostowfi Hedayat Foroughi Djam Matin-Daftari A. Mansur Foroughi Soheili Qavam Soheili Sa'ed Bayat Hakimi Sadr Hakimi Qavam Hekmat Hakimi Hazhir Sa'ed A.
Mansur Razmara Ala' Mosaddegh Qavam Mosaddegh Zahedi Ala' Eghbal Sharif-Emami Amini Alam H. Mansur Hoveida Amouzegar Sharif-Emami Azhari Bakhtiar.
Bazargan Rajai Bahonar Mahdavi Kani Mousavi Post Abolished in Commanders-in-Chief of the Iranian Armed Forces.
Mozaffar ad-Din Shah —07 Mohammad Ali Shah —09 Alireza Khan —10 Abolqasem Khan —14 Ahmad Shah —25 Reza Khan Reza Shah —41 Mohammad Reza Shah —52 Mosaddegh —53 Mohammad Reza Shah — Banisadr —81 Khomeini —89 Khamenei —present.
In response, the Iranian government closed the British consulate. The British government reacted by calling their ambassador, Francis Shepherd, back to London.
The British government, looking for support, had taken their case to the United Nations for a hearing. Mossadegh then headed for Washington, DC where he met with President Harry S.
His visit was covered widely in newspapers, magazines, television, and theatrical newsreels. He asked for U. This did not materialize, and he left empty-handed after nearly six weeks in the United States.
In June , Mossadegh traveled to The Hague, Netherlands and presented nearly documents to the International Court regarding the highly exploitative nature of the AIOC and the extent of its political intervention into the Iranian political system.
Back in Iran, economic and security conditions were deteriorating rapidly, worsened by increasing subversive activities of foreign powers and their agents.
In a July meeting with the young monarch Mohammad Reza Shah , who headed the military, Mossadegh requested control of the armed forces but was refused.
In response, Mossadegh immediately submitted his resignation as Prime Minister. The following day, the Shah, at the behest of the British and American governments, appointed Ahmad Ghavam as Prime Minister.
Ghavam took a hard line, further angering the people who had come out to the streets in support of Mossadegh. In the largest street protest on July 20, 30 Tir, security forces clashed violently with the demonstrators, resulting in hundreds of casualties.
He appointed Mossadegh to the dual role of Prime Minister and Minister of Defense, as permitted by the Constitution. They attempted through various tactics, including an embargo on the sale of Iranian oil, to destabilize his government.
They also resorted to covert measures to engineer his downfall. Faced with a relentless opposition from pro-British and royalist elements, Mossadegh felt increasingly incapacitated.
British efforts to replace him, together with the refusal of the shah—who had only grudgingly acquiesced in Mossadegh's premiership—to transfer the War Ministry to the prime minister, eventually resulted in Mossadegh's resignation in July However, he was returned to power a few days later as the result of a popular uprising.
He now enjoyed greater authority, but there seemed to be no realistic prospect of settling the oil question. Meanwhile, the government's economic and financial difficulties were increasing.
The Tudeh Communist Party, although banned since , not only harassed the government but also enabled Mossadegh's opponents to claim that a communist takeover was likely.
The army would not readily accept prime ministerial control, and some of Mossadegh's own supporters joined his opponents.
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